Don’t call people obese – instead use phrases like “living with obesity” – the British Psychological Society suggests. 

Psychologists said finding new ways to describe the issue could mean that those who needed to lose weight were more likely to accept health advice.

And they said it was “more holistic” to describe such individuals as “people with obesity” or “people living with obesity” rather than simply calling them obese.

“It is important to avoid language and explanations that locate the ‘problem’ of obesity within individuals. Whilst obesity is caused by behaviour, those behaviours do not always involve ‘choice’ or ‘personal responsibility.’ What individuals eat and how much physical activity they do is largely determined by their genes, psychological factors and their social environment,” they conclude.

They said: “Obesity is not simply down to an individual’s lack of willpower. The people who are most likely to be an unhealthy weight are those who have a high genetic risk of developing obesity and whose lives are also shaped by work, school and social environments that promote overeating and inactivity.

Those behind the study argue that people become overweight or obese as a result of a complex combination of factors, including genetics, responses to stress from childhood, sedentary lifestyles and lack of healthy food options.

The report said that dieters are also “particularly susceptible to emotional eating.”

“People who live in deprived areas often experience high levels of stress, including major life challenges and trauma, often their neighbourhoods offer few opportunities and incentives for physical activity and options for accessing affordable healthy food are limited.

 

It can leave people feeling belittled, berated and disrespected. It makes them worry that they will not be taken seriously and leaves them reluctant to address their weight concerns.

 

Christopher Snowdon from the Institute of Economic Affairs said: “The idea that we should de-stigmatise obesity while encouraging the government to ‘approach the problem in the same way it did smoking’ is laughable. Smokers are virtually second class citizens in Britain thanks to a conscious process of ‘denormalisation’.

 

Chartered psychologist, Dr Angel Chater from the University of Bedfordshire, one of the authors of the report, said: “Adult obesity levels in England increased by 18 per cent between 2005 and 2017, and there were similar increases in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales.

He said there was a “negligible” difference between describing someone as an “obese person” or a “person with obesity”.

Earlier this year the Royal College of Physicians joined the World Health Organisation in calling for obesity to be classified as a disease.

“This cannot be explained by a sudden loss of motivation across the four nations of the UK.

“The increase in obesity can in part be attributed to changes in the food supply and physical activity environment.”

Tam Fry, from the National Obesity Forum, said:   ” Language is so important and the Society is absolutely correct in its advice. There are millions of people whose genetic makeup  predisposes them to gaining weight and their difficulties are made the worse by having to cope with an environment in which maintaining a ‘healthy weight’ is a battle.

He said it was “abusive” to label people in any way that suggested they had chosen to be obese.

A handful of nuts a day could cut the risk of obesity by almost a quarter, research by Harvard University suggests.

Ahandful of nuts a day could cut the risk of obesity by almost a quarter, research by Harvard University suggests.

Experts said that eating a few nuts each day, instead of turning to crisps or biscuits, could help to ward off middle-aged spread.

The research also examined the potential impact of swapping an unhealthy snack – such as chocolates, pies and donuts – for nuts.

Over the course of the study, those taking part were putting on average of 0.7 lbs a year.

The twenty year study of 290,000 adults aged 24 to 75 found a higher intake of nuts was  associated with a 23 per cent lower risk of putting on 11 pounds, and of becoming obese.

Nuts are rich in healthy unsaturated fats, vitamins, minerals and fibre, but they are calorie dense, so it has often been debated about whether they can help dieters.

The findings, published in the online journal BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health, come from an observational study, so could not prove cause and effect.

They also highlighted evidence that the high unsaturated fat content of nuts increases resting energy expenditure, which may also help to stave off weight gain. In addition, the effort of chewing nuts could reduce the desire to continue snacking, researchers suggested.

But researchers suggested that the high fibre content of nuts can delay stomach emptying so making a person feel sated and full for longer. Nut fibre also binds well to fats in the gut, meaning that more calories are excreted.

They said turning to a handful of nuts a day was “a relatively manageable way of helping to curb the onset of obesity”.

The US study involved almost 290,000 men and women, aged between 24 and 75.

Robots can diagnose heart problems in as little as four seconds, tests have shown, as a review of artificial intelligence (AI) found machines are now as good at spotting illness as doctors.

Robots can diagnose heart problems in as little as four seconds, tests have shown, as a review of artificial intelligence (AI) found machines are now as good at spotting illness as doctors.

Analysing a patient’s heart function on a cardiac MRI scan currently takes doctors around 13 minutes.

But a new trial by University College London (UCL) showed an AI programme could read the scans in a fraction of the time with equal accuracy.

There are approximately 150,000 such scans performed in the UK each year, and researchers estimate that fully utilising AI to read them could save 54 clinician-days at each cardiac centre per year.

It is hoped that AI – where computer systems are able to learn from data to identify new patterns with minimal human intervention – will transform medicine by helping doctors spot diseases such heart disease and cancer quicker and earlier.

However, most scans are still read by specially trained doctors.

In the new study, Published in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, researchers trained a neural network to read the cardiac MRI scans using results from nearly 600 patients.

The team then tested the system’s precision against an expert and trainee on 110 separate patients from multiple centers.

They found no significant difference in accuracy.

It comes as the first ever systematic review of AI in medicine, published in the Lancet Digital Health, found that machines are now equally as good at diagnosis as doctors in a number of fields.

Dr Charlotte Manisty, who led the UCL research, said: “Cardiovascular MRI offers unparalleled image quality for assessing heart structure and function.

“This indicates that automated techniques are at least as good as humans, with the potential soon to be ‘super-human’–transforming clinical and research measurement precision.”

The Lancet study, conducted by doctors at University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, reviewed 14 studies which compared the performance of AI and health professionals.

“However, current manual analysis remains basic and outdated.

 

Professor Alastair Denniston said: “Within those handful of high-quality studies, we found that deep learning could indeed detect diseases ranging from cancers to eye diseases as accurately as health professionals.

“But it’s important to note that AI did not substantially out-perform human diagnosis.”

Thousands of pounds have been raised to help pay for the funeral of a young man from Kensington who tragically died from sickle-cell anemia.

Thousands of pounds have been raised to help pay for the funeral of a young man from Kensington who tragically died from sickle-cell anemia.

Ryan Gregory, 29, passed away on September 10 after an “unpredictable” life-long battle with sickle cell anaemia – a chronically painful inherited blood disorder, for which there is no cure.

His friends took to GoFundMe to raise funds to give him the send-off he deserves and almost £4,000 was donated in just three days.

Ryan’s best friend of 12 years Berrin Topbas, 28, said: “Ryan was so loved by everybody who met him – he was full of joy and happiness, always laughing and cracking jokes.

“It was an amazing feeling to wake up to see how much money we had raised.”

Ms Topbas said awareness of the fundraising page “just spread” through social media.

The page has now raised £3,720 exceeding its target of £3,500 with any extra donations going to charity and to support Ryan’s wife.

“He was a very happy person, it was impossible to be upset around him,” Ms Topbas added.

“The past few years he was always in a lot of pain, I have never seen a grown man cry like that in my life.”

The 28-year-old said the funeral is taking place on Friday (September 20).

Ryan was happily married to Jade Alexandra-Gregory, 26.

Growing up in foster homes Ryan had a difficult childhood as he lost touch with his parents and was separated from his siblings at a young age.

In addition, he suffered from sickle cell anemia which “prevented him from living the normal life he very much desired and deserved”.

Ms Topbas said: “I have lost my best friend but organising his funeral is like being a part of his final journey.”

The GoFundMe page reads: “He put on the bravest smile every day and even whilst in pain he would make jokes or find a way to laugh and lighten the mood.

“He was a selfless and positive individual who never complained.”

A Fulham woman who has been living with cervical cancer for a year-and-a-half is in a race against time to raise cash for life-saving treatment.

A Fulham woman who has been living with cervical cancer for a year-and-a-half is in a race against time to raise cash for life-saving treatment.

Due to delayed diagnosis, Sherifé Chittell only discovered she had the disease in May last year.

The only option she has left is an immunotherapy treatment which costs £114, 000 per year and is not available for Sherifé through the NHS.

In a final bid to save her life, Sherifé’s friends and family have launched a GoFundMe page in the hope that kind strangers will help cover the costs.

Sherifé’s mum, Julia, 55, said: “It’s the only option – it’s the only thing that is left.

“We need the money as soon as possible to start treatment.”

“Sherifé and her medical teams have thrown everything they can at this cancer with more chemotherapy, and Sherifé has fought every step of the way.”

Despite complaining of symptoms in October, it wasn’t until February this year that Sherifé was told she would need an operation.

“I had excruciating pain in my feet and legs – I ended up incredibly ill with fevers and really bad sickness,” she said.

Julia added that for the women who have had the treatment it worked really successfully.

Sherifé continued: “I’d completely lost faith – I felt like no was was listening to me.”

After seeking a second opinion, an operation was planned – but this was cancelled once the tumour was deemed too advanced.

Shortly after, Sherifé contracted an infection from a new combination treatment.

The GoFundMe page can be found here.